Different Coffee Bean Types

Here we've outlined the different coffee types explained:

Our founder, Q-grader and all round coffee master Zach explains the different types of coffee beans and what they all mean.

There are four main types of coffee beans: Arabica, Robusta, Excelsa, and Liberica.

  • Arabica is the most popular type of coffee bean. It is known for its smooth, balanced flavor with hints of chocolate and citrus. Arabica beans are grown at high altitudes, which makes them more susceptible to pests and diseases. This is why Arabica beans are more expensive than Robusta beans.
  • Robusta is the second most popular type of coffee bean. It is known for its strong, bitter flavor with hints of nuts and spices. Robusta beans are grown at lower altitudes, making them more resistant to pests and diseases. This is why Robusta beans are less expensive than Arabica beans.
  • Excelsa is a less common type of coffee bean. It is known for its sweet, nutty flavor with hints of chocolate and honey. Excelsa beans are grown in tropical rainforests, which gives them their unique flavor profile.
  • Liberica is the rarest type of coffee bean. It is known for its fruity, earthy flavor with hints of chocolate and caramel. Liberica beans are grown in Southeast Asia, and they are not as popular as Arabica or Robusta beans because they are difficult to grow and process.

The type of coffee bean you choose will depend on your personal preferences. If you like a smooth, balanced flavor, then Arabica beans are a good choice. If you prefer a strong, bitter flavor, then Robusta beans are a good choice. And if you want to try something different, then Excelsa or Liberica beans are worth a try.

Here is a table summarizing the characteristics of the different coffee bean types:

Coffee Bean Type Flavor Profile Grown at Price
Arabica Smooth, balanced, chocolatey, citrusy High altitudes More expensive
Robusta Strong, bitter, nutty, spicy Lower altitudes Less expensive
Excelsa Sweet, nutty, chocolatey, honeyed Tropical rainforests Less common
Liberica Fruity, earthy, chocolatey, caramel Southeast Asia Rare


The coffee bean is a small, unassuming seed. But when it is roasted, it undergoes a remarkable transformation. The beans go from hard and green to brown and their flavor becomes rich and complex. This transformation is a metaphor for the power of change.

Just like the coffee bean, we all have the potential to change. We can all transform our lives for the better, no matter how difficult our circumstances may seem.

The coffee bean grows in the tropics, at altitudes of 1,000 to 2,000 meters above sea level. The best coffee beans are grown in areas with rich soil, plenty of sunlight, and cool, moist air.

The coffee plant is a shrub that can grow up to 10 meters tall. The berries of the coffee plant are called cherries. Each cherry contains two seeds, which are the coffee beans.

The coffee beans are harvested when they are ripe. They are then processed, which involves removing the beans from the cherries and drying them.

The beans are then roasted, which is what gives them their characteristic flavor. The roasting process can be done in a variety of ways, each of which produces a different flavor profile.

The roasted beans are then ground and brewed to make coffee. Coffee can be brewed in a variety of ways, including drip coffee, espresso, and cold brew.

Coffee is enjoyed by people all over the world. It is a popular beverage for breakfast, lunch, and dinner. Coffee is also used in a variety of other foods and drinks, such as pastries, cakes, and ice cream.

Coffee has many health benefits. It has been shown to improve alertness, cognitive function, and athletic performance. Coffee can also help to reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes, Parkinson's disease, and Alzheimer's disease.

So next time you enjoy a cup of coffee, think about the story of the coffee bean.